Introduction and background. Background on GM foods. Biotechnology techniques -- GM crops and foods -- Risks of GM crops and foods -- GM labeling laws and regulations. Status and history of mandatory GM labeling requirements -- Key design issues and differences in national labeling laws -- International law fora.
Critique of the arguments for mandatory GM labeling. The "right to know" -- Consumer choice -- Public opinion -- Tracking and surveillance applications. Health monitoring and product surveillance -- Cultural and religious dietary restrictions.
Arguments against mandatory GM labeling. Costs and burdens of mandatory GM labeling. Costs of testing and segregation -- Market distortions -- Shipping disruption incidents -- Consumer confusion and loss of benefits -- A voluntary labeling alternative -- Appendix A: Animal cloning : the latest skirmish -- Appendix B: National Gm labeling laws and policies.